mzl.mzlpjfleHotmail – free email service, part of the service Windows Live, provides access via a web interface, POP3, DeltaSync and Exchange Activesync. One of the first free email service, by mid-2012 the world’s largest postal service and the largest database of email addresses of users of Hotmail.

Was launched in July 1996 as «HoTMaiL». Developers – in Mountain View, California.

Service was acquired by Microsoft in 1997, according to various estimates, approximately $ 400 million, and shortly thereafter was renamed «MSN Hotmail». The latest version was released in 2011. Hotmail had unlimited space for storing emails, integration with instant messaging service (Windows Live Messenger), calendar (Hotmail Calendar), file-hosting (SkyDrive). According to ComScore for June 2012 was the largest Hotmail email service with 324 million people after him in the rankings were GMail and Yahoo !. mail Was available for 36 different languages.

July 31, 2012, Microsoft introduced a preliminary version of the new email service, which replaced Hotmail in 2013 as a trademark. Hotmail users have been translated into, while retaining the ability registering addresses with the domain

The idea of ​​a web address, which easily can be run from any computer, came up with Jack Smith. Sabir Bhatia developed a business plan. On July 31, 2012, a new alternative Notmail called and has a new and fresh interface Metro UI. Currently, Microsoft is creating a new email service All Hotmail users will be automatically transferred to a new email service with a more convenient and a new design in early 2013, and Hotmail will be forever closed.

When registering new Hotmail users can select domains:,,, and

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gmailGmail – a free email service from Google. Provides access to mailboxes through a Web interface and the protocols POP3, SMTP and IMAP.

In October 2012, service Gmail has become the most popular in the world, overtaking on the number of unique users of competing services Hotmail from Microsoft. Number email database Gmail users exceeded 420 million people.

For users of the postal service is provided postal address in the domain (type and alias domain ( Service offers for mail storage for more than 10 gigabytes of space, and this number is constantly increasing from 1 April 2005, when, in honor of the anniversary of the launch of the service, accessible volume was increased from 1 GB to 2 GB. This announcement was accompanied by the promise that Google will increase the amount offered to the users. April 24, 2012 Google announced the increase in mailbox size from 7.5 GB to 10 GB in honor of the launch Google Drive [4]. At the moment, the amount of space Gmail mailbox is 15 GB.

Gmail web interface built entirely on the browser-scripting programming language JavaScript, which makes it unusual for a web environment features such as receiving commands from the keyboard, update the page without reloading (technology AJAX), drop-down lists select the recipients and others. It is also possible to switch to the interface, built only on HTML – standard markup language web pages, which is supported by all browsers. When loading the web interface version of the browser is checked, and if does not support all application instructions JavaScript, web interface will automatically switch to HTML-mode and the user will notice that does not support all features.

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AolAOL Inc. – American media conglomerate, a provider of online services and electronic bulletin boards, owner’s sixth popularity (0.39%) in the world of search engine, social network Bebo, the popular Internet pager AIM. Is a provider of first level.

November 24, 1998 acquired Netscape for $ 4.2 billion US. Owns the largest directory of links to the World Wide Web – Open Directory Project.

AOL Mail (otherwise AIM Mail) – a free web-based e-mail database of email addresses of users AOL, provided by AOL. Service is sometimes called AIM Mail, where the acronym stands for AIM AOL Instant Messenger (AOL service for instant messaging). The summer of 2012 AOL Mail has undergone changes in the interface, it was the first significant update for the last 5 years.

In AOL Mail has the following features that do not require payment from users:

– Unlimited mailbox capacity.
– Nested attachments in mail limited to 25 MB.
– Term of the inaction of the mailbox for 6 months.
– Supported protocols: POP3, SMTP, IMAP (akkauty from Yahoo! Mail, but there is no possibility of mail-related AOL).
– Relationship with other email accounts from other providers of web-based e-mail (Gmail, Hotmail, and others).
– Advertisement. Always displayed when working with e-mail account. Embedded links in messages are automatically disabled and can only be activated at the request of the owner of the e-mail.
– Spam protection.
– Virus protection.
– Spell Check.
– AIM-panel with a full list of friends, as well as built-in widgets that show the presence of friends online, and links, shortcuts to popular web sites that sponsor AOL Instant Messenger.
– Ability to send emails to other AOL or AIM mailbox.
– Support for multiple domain names, including the @, @, @ (short for «you’ve got mail»), @ and @

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BrazilBrazil – the largest in area and population of a country in South America and the only Portuguese-speaking in the Americas. Ranks fifth among the countries of the world by area and by population. Occupies the eastern and central part of the continent. Capital – the city of Brasilia.

The greatest length from north to south and 4,320 km from east to west 4328 km. It shares borders with all countries of South America except Chile and Ecuador, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, to the north, Colombia to the northwest, Bolivia and Peru to the west, Paraguay and Argentina to the south-west and in the south by Uruguay. The length of the land border of about 16 thousand. Km. From the east by the Atlantic Ocean, the coastline – 7.4 thous. Km. The structure of Brazil also includes several archipelagos, in particular Fernando de Noronha, Rocas, Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, and Trindade and Martim Vaz.

Brazil was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro Alvares Cabral on the shores of South America in 1500 until independence in 1822 as the Empire of Brazil. Brazil became a republic in 1889, although the bicameral parliament, now called Congress, dates back to 1824, when the first constitution was ratified. The current Constitution defines Brazil as a federal republic, is a union of the Federal District, the 26 states and 5564 municipalities.

Brazil is the seventh-largest nominal GDP in the world economy and the seventh of GDP, calculated at purchasing power parity. Economic reforms have brought the country international recognition. Brazil is in international organizations such as the UN, G20, Mercosul and the Union of South American Nations, and is one of the BRICS countries.

Significant impact on the culture of the country has Portugal, the former colonial power. And practically the only official language spoken is Portuguese country. By religion most Brazilians – Catholics, making Brazil the country with the largest Catholic population in the world.

In Brazil, passed 2014 FIFA World Cup, which ended July 13, 2014. Also in Rio de Janeiro will be the Summer Olympic Games in 2016, and in Brazil – 2019 Summer Universiade.

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New York

New YorkNew York City – the largest city in the United States, included in one of the largest metropolitan area in the world. The population is 8,363,710 people (2010), agglomeration – 23.9 million (as of 2012). New York is located on the Atlantic coast in the south-eastern part of New York State. The city was founded in the early XVII century Dutch colonists. Until 1664 it was called New Amsterdam.

New York includes 5 districts (boroughs): the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan and Staten Island. The main attractions are located in the borough of Manhattan. Among them: historical skyscrapers (Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building), Rockefeller Center, Woolworth Building, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Metropolitan Opera, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (paintings), American Museum of Natural History (skeletons of dinosaurs and planetarium), the legendary hotel “Chelsea”, the headquarters of the United Nations, Harlem.

New York – the major global financial, political, economic and cultural center.

New York City includes the island of Manhattan, Staten Island, the western part of Long Island, part of the North American continent (Bronx), and several small islands in New York Harbor. New York City is approximately 40 ° north latitude and 74 ° west longitude. The highest point in New York is the Hill Todt Hill, a height of 125 m, which is located on Staten Island. Staten Island – the most hilly, spacious and least populated area of ​​the city. In densely populated Manhattan, on the contrary, the land of limited and expensive, which explains the large number of skyscrapers. According to the US Census Bureau, the city has an area of ​​1214.4 square kilometers, of which 785.6 sq km – land and 428.8 km² (35.31%) – water. The length of the coastline of the city – 837 km.

New York is at a relatively low latitudes, so New York is about the same latitude with Istanbul, Madrid, Tashkent, Baku and Beijing. By Köppen climate classification, the climate of New York is characterized as subtropical oceanic. Precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year. Average annual number of sunshine hours – 2680 hours. Despite the fact that the city is on the coast of the ocean, the difference in temperature between summer and winter is large enough, since the vast movement of air masses – from the mainland. The influence of the ocean is secondary, but still somewhat softens the temperature fluctuations. Another factor is the dense urban development, which helps to create a microclimate with high average temperatures.

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MiamiMiami – a city located on the Atlantic coast in southeast Florida in Miami-Dade County, the most populated county in Florida and the eighth most populous county in the United States with a population of 2,500,625 people. 43rd largest city in the United States with a population of 433 136 people. It is the second largest (after Jacksonville) city in Florida and the largest metropolis in the southeast United States. According to United Nations estimates, the Miami was fifth in the number of inhabitants of urban agglomeration in the US in 2000 with a population of 4,919,036 people, and in 2008 this number increased to 5,232,342, making Miami the fourth largest metropolitan area of ​​the country after New York , Los Angeles and Chicago.

Miami has officially granted city status July 28, 1896, at a time there lived a little more than 300 people. In 1940 the city was about 172 thousand. People. According to the 2000 census, the city lived in a 362 thousand. People, and if you count the suburbs, the 5.4 million people.

In downtown Miami and South Florida is the largest concentration of international banks in the United States, there is also the headquarters of many large companies both national and international level that are in email database companies Miami.

Miami – one of the most important financial centers in the United States. It is the main center of commerce, finance and large multinational business groups. According to the ranking of cities of the world, compiled Globalization and World Cities Study Group & Network (GaWC), in which the basis is the number of global corporations in the service industry, Miami named “Beta World City”. Miami found 20 m city in the world in terms of GDP, and 11th in the United States. Some large corporations are based in the heart of Miami or its surroundings, including: Akerman Senterfitt, Alienware, Arquitectonica, Arrow Air, Bacardi, Benihana, Brightstar Corporation, Burger King, Celebrity Cruises, Carnival Corporation, Carnival Cruise Lines, CompUSA, Crispin Porter + Bogusky, Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company, Espírito Santo Financial Group,, Greenberg Traurig, Holland & Knight, Inktel Direct, Interval International, Lennar, Navarro Discount Pharmacies.

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China 2China – a socialist (communist) state in East Asia. The largest by population country in the world (more than 1.35 billion, the majority of the population – ethnic Chinese self – Han); ranks third in the world by area, after Russia and Canada.

A great power – candidates superpower, a permanent member of the UN Security Council. One of the leading space powers of the world, has the largest army in the world by number of troops, nuclear weapons. Is the world’s second largest economy by nominal GDP and the first economy in the world by GDP (PPP), a world leader in the manufacture of most types of industrial products, including automobile manufacturing, email databases in China and consumer demand for them. The world’s largest exporter (“factory of the world”). Has the world’s largest gold reserves.

Since the proclamation of the People’s Republic in 1949, the ruling party is the Communist Party of China (CPC).

China is located in East Asia. To the east, bordering the western seas of the Pacific. In northeast China is bordered by North Korea and Russia in the north – with Mongolia in the north-west – with Russia and Kazakhstan in the west – with Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan, to the south-west – Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan in the south – with Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam. The area of ​​China is 9.6 million square kilometers. China is the largest country in Asia and the third-largest country in the world, second only to Russia and Canada. Single Chinese timezone – UTC + 8.

Coast of China stretches from the border with North Korea in the north to the south of Vietnam and has a length of 14 500 km. China bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea. The island of Taiwan is separated from the mainland by the Taiwan Strait.

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Great Britain

EnglandGreat Britain – an island nation in northwest Europe. UK – one of the largest states in Europe, nuclear power, a permanent member of the UN Security Council. Heir to the British Empire, the largest in history, and exist in the XIX – early XX centuries.

Great Britain is the birthplace of modern parliamentary democracy. Form of government – parliamentary monarchy. The state consists of four “historical provinces” (in English – «countries», ie “country”): England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The shape of the administrative-territorial structure – unitary state, although three of the four historic provinces (except England) have a significant degree of autonomy.

Capital – the city of London, one of the largest cities in Europe and the world’s most important financial and economic center. Official language – English.

The state is located in the British Isles (island of Great Britain, the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, as well as a large number of smaller islands and archipelagos, including the Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland Islands, Anglesey, Arran White) in the Atlantic Ocean. Bordering the North, Irish, Celtic and Hebrides seas. South-east coast is only 35 km from the northern coast of France, divided the English Channel.

The area of ​​the UK is 243,809 square kilometers, of which land – 240 579 km², internal waters – 3230 km². As of 1993 10% of the land was covered by forest, 46% used for pastures and another 25% used in agriculture. The coastline is 17,820 km in length. The southern coast is connected with continental Europe via the Eurotunnel length of 50 km (of which 38 km under water). This is the longest underwater tunnel in the world. Northern Ireland has a 360-kilometer land border with the Republic of Ireland, and it is the only land border the UK.

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IMG_5898_Parus_SMUkraine – a country in Eastern Europe. Population, the results of the 2001 census, was 48,240,902 residents and 48,457,102 people present population, according to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine September 1, 2014 – 42,807,730 residents and 42,977,367 people present population, the area – 576,604 square kilometers, with the Crimea and Sevastopol – 603 549 km². Occupies 31 th place in the world in terms of population, 44 (47) th through the territory of Russia and the second after the territory of the countries of Europe. Capital – Kiev. Official language – Ukrainian.

In the south, bordering the Black and Azov Seas. Has land borders with Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova.

Industrial-agrarian country. The volume of GDP for 2012, calculated at purchasing power parity amounted to 338,334 million US dollars (7421 US dollars per capita). Nominal GDP in the same year amounted to 176,310 million (US $ 3867 per capita). Currency – Hryvnia (UAH), averaged rate for August 2014 – 14 hryvnia per US $ 1.

Ukraine belongs to the category of industrial-agrarian country. According to the level of national competitiveness in 2013 ranked 84 in the world. Ukraine’s economy is the 39th economy in the world in terms of GDP at PPP (data CIA) (2011). GDP per capita of US $ 7,600 (2011). GDP growth in 2012 was 0.2%. Debt of Ukraine in March 2010 reached 93.5% of GDP (the total debt of the state and business).

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Yandex-Images-2014-08-11Switzerland – a country in Western Europe. Bordered in the north of Germany, in the south – with Italy in the west – with France, in the east – with Austria and Liechtenstein. The name comes from the name of one of the three original cantons of Schwyz.

The official languages ​​in Switzerland: German, French, Italian and Romansh in part (the latter only for business communication with persons of Romansh-native speakers). Switzerland is a member of the UN since 2002, is part of the Schengen Agreement in 2004.


– Major Imports: industrial and electronic products, food products, iron and steel, petroleum products.
– Main exports: machinery, watches, textiles, pharmaceuticals, electrical equipment, organic chemicals, email databases Switzerland.

Advantages: highly skilled labor force, reliable service industries. Development of the industry of mechanical engineering and precision mechanics. Transnational corporations chemical industry, pharmacy and banking sector. Banking secrecy attracts foreign capital. The banking sector is 9% of GDP. Innovations in mass markets (watch Swatch, concept cars Smart, email marketing in Switzerland).

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