Ottawa – Canada’s capital. Located in the eastern part of the province of Ontario on the shores of the Ottawa River, which forms the border between the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. Ottawa – the fourth largest city in the country and the second largest city in Ontario. Together with associated with the Quebec side of the river near the city of Gatineau and Ottawa other municipalities included in the National Capital Region.
Ottawa population – 883,000 inhabitants, together with Gatineau – 1236000 stored in the email database of Ottawa (according to the census 2011). City Administration implements the municipal council headed by the mayor. Mayor on December 1, 2010, he Jim Watson.
The city was founded in the 1820s as a camp of soldiers and artisans who built the Rideau Canal, and in 1850 received the official status of the city and woodcutters lesosplavschikov. Until 1855 the city was called Baytaun in honor of Lieutenant Colonel John Bai, who supervised the construction of the Rideau Canal. On December 31, 1857 Ottawa – the capital of the united Province of Canada since 1867 – the state capital of Canada. In the future, the city developed as a transport and industrial center, and in the second half of the XX century has experienced massive restructuring aimed at improving the urban environment.
At the end of XX and the beginning of the XXI century Ottawa, which became the center of high-tech development, sometimes rewarded with the title of “Silicon Valley North.” As the capital of Canada Ottawa – the seat of the federal authorities and the largest cultural centers, including the major Canadian museums and the National Gallery.
Ottawa is located in the southeastern part of the Canadian province of Ontario, on its border with the province of Quebec, on the banks of the same river, as well as the Rideau River and Rideau Canal, which is at the confluence of the river Ottawa is the city center. On the north shore of the Ottawa River is the city of Gatineau, which is included along with Ottawa in a single conurbation – National Capital Region. Ottawa is located in low-lying flat terrain, elevation near International Airport. Macdonald – Cartier is 114 m and the highest point of the city is located at an altitude of 166 m above sea level. The nearest mountain range – the Appalachian Mountains. Ottawa, as well as the entire eastern part of the province of Ontario and Quebec, located in the Eastern Standard time zone, behind the Universal Coordinated Time for five hours in winter and four – in the summer.
According to the 2011 Population Census Ottawa ranks fourth among Canadian cities in terms of population, behind Toronto, Montreal and Calgary and Edmonton ahead, Winnipeg and Vancouver. In Ontario, Ottawa – the second most populous city. The population of Ottawa is at the census of 1891 44 thousand. Man in 2011 was close to 900 thousand (including settlements included in the municipal boundaries in 2001). The population of the urban agglomeration of Ottawa-Gatineau in 2011, more than 1.2 million people. The average age of the population of Ottawa was on the last census of 39.2 years; 16.8% of the population were below the age of 15 years, and 13.2% – aged 65 years and older.
Gross product agglomeration Ottawa – Gatineau (in its current borders) in the period from 1987 to 2008 increased from 28.8 billion Canadian dollars to 46.4 billion (according dollar 2002). During this period, the annual growth of GDP ranged from 0.8% in 1991 to 7.6% in 1999. Since 1997, growth remained positive constant, usually not falling below 2% a year.
Toronto – Canada’s largest city, the provincial capital of Ontario. Population – 2,615,060 inhabitants (2011), together with the cities of Mississauga, Brampton, Markham and other forms agglomeration Greater Toronto Area with a population of 5,715,000 inhabitants.
Toronto is part of the “Golden Horseshoe” – densely populated region around the western end of Lake Ontario with a population of about 7 million people are in the email database of Toronto. Approximately one-third of the population of Canada lives within 500 km of Toronto. About one sixth of all jobs in Canada are located within the city limits.
Toronto is also known as the “economic engine” of Canada, is considered one of the leading cities in the world and has a lot of weight in the region, as well as at national and international level. The Economist magazine in 2011 has put Toronto on the fourth place in the world for life.
Toronto was chosen venue for the summit of the Twenties in June 2010.
To the north-east of Toronto in Pickering nuclear power plant is eight nuclear reactors.
Toronto – one of the largest multicultural cities in the world. According to the census in 2006 47% of Torontonians were born outside of Canada. 9.6% of the total number of immigrants living in the city are from India, 8.2% – from China, 5.6% – from Italy and the Philippines, 1.3% – from Russia, 1.2% – from Ukraine. Toronto is home to the largest Muslim community in Canada – 424 000 people.
Toronto is often called the city with the greatest diversity of cultures – about half the residents have immigrated from other countries. And now the city – the most popular center of attraction for immigrants in Canada. A distinctive feature of Toronto is the prevailing tradition of supporting national cultures and customs of immigrant populations. Therefore, unlike many other cities with large immigrant populations, cultural assimilation expressed softly. However, it is one of the safest mega Americas.
Toronto is in the humid continental climate. The climate of Toronto influences geographic location (city located in the south of Canada) and the proximity of Lake Ontario; on the climate of the region (Ontario) greatly influences located north of Hudson Bay. Climate Toronto is characterized by warm humid summers, long moderately warm autumn and cold winter. There are frequent temperature fluctuations from day to day. All seasons clearly expressed. The average annual precipitation of about 800 mm of precipitation.
Production of electric power equipment, oil refinery, nuclear power, food processing, email marketing in Toronto. The city is the headquarters of the largest North American bakery company George Weston.
Dubai (in Arabic. دبي) – the largest city in the United Arab Emirates, the administrative center of Dubai. Located on the shores of the Persian Gulf to the north-east of the capital – Abu Dhabi in the neighborhood of Sharjah. Geographic coordinates: 25 ° 27 ‘north latitude, 55 ° 33’ east longitude. The length of the city is 134 km, width – 35 km.
Climate Dubai – extremely hot. Dubai is rightly considered one of the hottest cities in the world. The average temperature in August (the hottest month) +35,1 ° C, and the average maximum is typically greater than +40 ° C, sometimes the temperature in the shade can reach up to almost 50 ° C. Winters are cooler, with warm days and cool nights.
The main areas of the city:
Bur Dubai – the historic center;
Gardens – the sleeping area;
Downtown – is being built business district;
Deira – Eastern business part of the city;
Jumeirah – seaside residential area;
Dubai Marina – a promising new residential area around the man-made bay on the west of the city.
Dubai – the largest commercial, financial and tourist center of the Middle East. As the pace of development of the city is comparable to Shanghai. The third most important re-export center in the world (after Hong Kong and Singapore). Dubai is missing some important types of taxes: income tax on companies, capital gains tax, income tax on individuals, as well as a tax on repatriation of earnings. The United Arab Emirates also have an agreement on the avoidance of double taxation with more than twenty countries.
Significant value in doing business in Dubai are email database Dubai and SEZ – free economic zones. Offshore zone is located in Jebel Ali. The city has two seaports, several bus terminals (the largest in Bur Dubai) and two major international airports (Dubai and Al Maktoum). There are extensive bus network, part stops air conditioned. September 9, 2009 was opened Dubai Metro. April 30, 2009 was opened in 2012 doroga.V monorail tram running in a district of the city. In 2012, running water tram.
Yahoo! – an American company that owns the second most popular (7.57%) in the world of search engine, in this case in the United States and Canada under an agreement with Microsoft from 2009 and as of 2012 a search on a search engine Yahoo! carried Bing and provides a range of services, united Internet portal Yahoo! Directory; portal includes the popular email service Yahoo! Mail, one of the oldest and most popular on the Internet.
According to statistics from Alexa Internet, in February-April 2012 Yahoo! – the fourth most visited website on the Internet, and about 28% of visits consist of only one page view and an email database Yahoo.
In January 1994, Stanford University graduate students David Filo (Eng. David Filo) and Jerry Yang (Eng. Jerry Yang) have created a website, called “Things Jerry on the World Wide Web.” “Guide” is a directory of other sites.
In April 1994, the site was renamed Yahoo !. There are two versions of the origin of the name. The first is that the word was taken from the book of Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels”, which stands for gross and stupid race of humanoids. It is on this version of the company’s founders insist. According to the second, Yahoo! – an acronym formed from the phrase “Another hierarchical roughest (informal) soothsayer. URL of the site was as follows: http://akebono.stanford.edu/yahoo. However, by the time Yahoo was already a registered trademark of barbecue sauce, so the name was added to the exclamation point.
Young and files quickly evaluate the commercial potential of the project and the March 2, 1995 the corporation founded Yahoo!.
In the late 90-ies of XX century the major search engines such as MSN, Lycos, Excite and Yahoo! grew at a high rate. To users spend more time on these portals, introduced a large number of new services. 8 March 1997 Yahoo! acquires portal RocketMail – one of the first free email services. So there was a service of Yahoo! Mail. In addition, Yahoo! acquires services ClassicGames.com, which becomes the basis for Yahoo! Games, and eGroups, which later became Yahoo! Groups. Finally, July 21, 1999 Yahoo! enters service for instant messaging Yahoo! Messenger.
MSN (Microsoft Network) – a major Internet Service Provider and Web portal, as well as the tenth most popular (0.01% of the world’s search engine created by Microsoft and is open 24 August 1995 (opening date coincides with the date of the release of Windows 95). Title «MSN» then was extended to e-mail service Hotmail, instant messaging client MSN Messenger, as well as on a number of Web sites supported by Microsoft.
With 9 million. subscribers to the database of email addresses of users MSN, is the second largest Internet service provider in the US, going after AOL LLC with its 26.5 million customers. According to the system Alexa, MSN.com is now the third most visited English-language resources on the Internet, followed by their competitors Yahoo! and Google. Also, in Outlook Express and Microsoft Office Outlook versions 10 and below, check your email account from MSN.com «come» welcome letter with all the links.
Recently launched services: MSN Groups (closed February 21, 2009) – a free service of forum. MSN Spaces (closed March 16, 2011) – a free blog service, analogue Livejournal. Customizable features MSN – My MSN and Hotmail – are based on the service authorization Microsoft Passport.